Antistatic treatment Finishing process of textiles that enables the surface of the fibres to divert static electricity. Antistatic yarn To avoid electrostatic charging, conductive yarn can be integrated into our products. In this way, the risk for electrostatic charging, which can result in production downtimes, can be reduced. Conductive yarn is used for example in conveyor belts or carrying straps for sensitive measuring devices. Vi have a long experience in the use and integration of conductive yarns into our weaved products. Aramid (AR) Aromatic polyamide fiber with characteristics such as high resistance to heat and flame protection. Examples of aramid branded fibres are Kevlar®, Twaron® (para-aramid) and Nomex® (meta-aramid). Artificial fiber General term for synthetic (polyester (PES), polypropylene (PP), polyamid (PA), polyethylene (PE), elasthane (EL)) and regenerated (viscose) fibers, means non-natural fibers. Binding Consists of two different constructions (thread systems) and four fundamental weaves; plain weave, twill, Panama and satin. We are using plain weave and twill (herringbone) for our narrow fabrics. Braiding Machine or hand method of interlacing three or more yarns in such a way, that they cross one another and are laid together in diagonal formation, forming a narrow strip of flat or tubular fabric. Colour fasteness The resistance of colour of a dyed textile to fade or bleed under various types of influences such as washing, light, rubbing, etc. Cotton One of the most common nature fibres. One of the most important characteristics of cotton yarn is its ability to absorb water and that they are machine washable. Not for use in very high temperatures as the fiber is sensitive. The longer the cotton fiber, the stronger and more durable the narrow fabric. Decitex (dtex) Dtex is a direct measure of linear density - Grams per 10´000 m of yarn. Example: 1100 dtex means that 10´000 m yarn weighs 1100g. Denier Older unit for measuring thickness in fibres, describing the weight in grams for 9000 meters of thread. The lower the denier, the thinner the yarn. Elasthane (EL) Generic name for synthetic fibers with great elasticity, often used in Europe (Spandex in USA). Also known as synthetic rubber. LYCRA® fiber is a well-known trademarked brand name of a class of synthetic elastic fibers. The fiber can be stretched up to six times its original length without breaking. Once stretched, it returns immediately to its original length. Latex-free. Elasticity The materials ability to return after a mechanical stress such as elongation or flection. Finishing treatment Finishing treatment of textile materials to achieve for instance a higher rigidity or stability. The webbing will be steam treated prior the drying process. Flame retardant treatment (FR) A treatment to prevent the start or to slow the growth of fire, by using a flame retardant. We offer the treatment of polyester webbings with a flame retardant that achieves the requirements according to OEKO-TEX® Standard 100. Our lab is equipped with test machines to control that the flame retardant treatment achieves the requirements according to ISO standard 3795 “flammability of interior and external materials”. Heat setting Term used for a thermal process where textile products are placed in an oven or similar and being exposed to high temperatures. To stabilize the dye, all our dyed narrow fabrics are heat treated. Narrow fabrics can also be heat treated to increase the dimensional stability and to achieve a higher stiffness, as the material is shrinking. This quality improvement is highly appreciated by our customers. Hook and loop fastener Please see VELCRO® Brand hook and VELCRO® Brand loop for furher information. Infrared treatment (IR) Textile products can be treated with special adjusted dye pigments which cover the textiles surface. IR treated fabrics are often used in uniforms that allows soldiers to appear at the same radiation level as the surrounding terrain, thus making them more difficult to be detected. Lin Narrow fabric made from flax which is a plant based fibre (natural fibre). LOI Limiting Oxygen Index. A value, that indicates how flammable the narrow fabric is. The higher the value, the more difficult to ignite. Metallic fibers Manufactured fibres composed of steel, copper, nickel, gold, silver which are used in the textile industry. Meta-aramid So called aromatic polyamides. Highly resistant to heat and chemical degradation and even flame resistant. Less tensile strength than para-aramids. Monofilament Synthetic yarn composed of one, solid thread (fishing line). Multifilament Yarn composed of a bundle of thin, infinitely long threads. Natural fibres Fibres obtained from natural renewable sources, namely plants and animals. We are using lin and cotton for some of our narrow fabrics. Natural rubber Natural rubber is made by extracting a liquid sap, called latex, from certain types of trees. It is not as strong and durable as synthetic rubber but has a better grip. Non woven Generic term for material produced with stapel- or filament yarn, which are bonded together (mechanical, heat or solvent treatment) but neither are woven nor knitted. Nylon American name for different types of polyamid (PA) fibres. Originally a tradename but now a more common term. Para-aramid So called aromatic polyamid with high strength and good heat- and chemical resistance. Stronger than meta-aramid and approx. 4 times higher tensile strength than ordinary Polyamid (PA). Polyamid (PA) Generic name for synthetic fibres containing amide groups. Known as nylon. Good durability. Higher moisture absorption than polyester (PES), but lower than cotton. Sensitive to acid. Polyester (PES) Generic name for synthetic fibers containing ester-groups. Low moisture absorption (appr. 0.5%), durable, UV-stable, fixable and with a relatively high melting point. Most common polyester is PET. Polyethylene (PE) Generic name for synthetic fibers containing ethylene-groups. Can be made in many variations, for example as Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyetylene, commonly known as the trade name Dyneema®. Relatively low heat resistance. Polypropylene (PP) Generic name for synthetic fibers containing propylene-groups. Low specific weight which makes the material float on water. Lower melting temperature than polyester and very low moisture absorption. Regenerated fibres Regenerated fibres are artificial fibres and are made of e.g. cellulose. We are using viscose fibres which are made from natural sources of regenerated cellulose. Synthetic fibers Generic name for that kind of artificial fibers produced from a synthetic polymer. In general, synthetic fibers are created by extruding fiber-forming materials through spinnerets, forming a 'different' fiber. Examples of synthetic fibres are polyester (PES), polypropylene (PP) and acrylic. Textile fibres Textile fibres are divided in natural- and synthetical fibres. Natural fibres are plant (cotton, linen) or animal-based fibres. Synthetic fibres are inorganically made man-made fibres. Touch and close fastener Common term for unspecified hook and loop fasteners. Twill A type of textile weave with the pattern of diagonal ribs (Twilled narrow fabrics do have a front and backside). Water-repellent treatment Textiles and clothings exposed to rain and humidity can be treated to become water-repellent. Thanks to our own dying facility we can offer you to treat our narrow fabrics with a non-harmful, PFC free water-repellent chemical. Water-repellent products are often used for outdoor clothing and equipment. It's a coating added to fabrics at our factory to make them water-resistant. VELCRO® Brand A registered trademark of Velcro BVBA. VELCRO® Brand hook The rough side of a VELCRO® Brand fastener which features small, tiny hooks. Each fastener is made up of two pieces of materials – one with lots of tiny loops and another with lots of tiny hooks. And when the two sides are pressed together, the hooks cling to the loops. The more hooks and loops that are attached, the stronger the bond. VELCRO® Brand loop The loop side is the soft and fuzzy mate of the VELCRO® Brand hook. Used together, they build a fastener closure system. The product has a surface that contains soft loops, often produced with polyamide. VELCRO® Brand VEL-LOC® The VELCRO® Brand VEL-LOC® is made of small mushroom knobs instead of hooks. Velour Borrowed from the french word for velvet (velours). We are offering VELCRO® Brand velour. Preferably used together with a VELCRO® Brand VEL-LOC® or low extruded hook straps (VELCRO® Brand ULTRA-MATE®), but can even be combined with other hook systems. Weaving A production method where two sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric. The longitudinal treads are called WARP and the lateral treads WEFT. Yarn There are several types of yarn such as, spun, carded, twisted, texturized, multi- and monofilament. Recycled cotton Recycled cotton can come from secondhand clothing or from textile waste or leftovers which are then spun into new yarns and fabrics. Recycled polyester (rPET) Recycled polyester (rPET) uses PET as a raw material which is often found in single-use bottles but even in old fabrics. To turn these bottles into yarn, the plastic has to be sterilised, crushed and melted. It is then spun into a string of yarn.